first Israelite conquest of the city of Jerusalem was by the tribe of
Judah after the death of Joshua: "The Judites attacked Jerusalem
and captured it; they put it to the sword and set the city on fire.
whatever reason, the tribe of Judah does not seem to have retained it,
for in the same chapter, it is described as being within the borders
of Benjamin, who also does not dislodge its Canaanite inhabitants. "The
Benjaminites did not disposes the Jebusites inhabitants of Jerusalem,
so the Jebusites have dwelt with the Benjaminites in Jerusalem to this
remained for David to capture this city which had been so inconsequential
and peripheral to Israel and make it the capital of the kingdom.
had reigned in Hebron seven years and six months. His reasons for moving
from Hebron to Jerusalem are not explained. It is generally assumed
that a city which had not previously occupied by one of the tribes,
one which was on the border between two tribes, could more easily be
accepted by all of the tribes as their capital. Eventually it was the
amalgam of David, the chosen king, with Jerusalem, "the place I
shall choose," which created the overwhelming importance, and indeed
centrality of Jerusalem in Jewish consciousness and history. Because
it is the city of David, if for no other reason, it came to occupy the
position it has today and has had for the last three thousand years.
building program to transform the city began at once: "King Hiram
of Tyre sent envoys to David with cedar logs, carpenters, and stonemasons;
and they built a palace for David.
that time on, the history of Israel and the history of Jerusalem become
synonymous. All the major events of the rest of the book of Samuel
as well as of the two books of Kings, Ezra and Nehemiah take
place in Jerusalem. David was to create in Jerusalem not only the political
capital of the kingdom but the religious capital, as well. After a disastrous
the Ark was brought to Jerusalem:
placing the Ark, the central feature of the Tabernacle upon the mountain
in Jerusalem, David laid the foundation for the sanctity of that mountain
and the holiness of Jerusalem. The later erection of a permanent building
was a revolutionary step in the faith of Israel in that it signaled
the Presence of God on a particular mountain.
wood supplied by Hiram of Lebanon, with "huge blocks of choice
stone," with the forced labor of 30,000 men as well as "70,000
porters and 80,000 quarriers" the house was built: 
one tribe shall remain his for the sake of My servant David and
for the sake of Jerusalem,
the city that I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel.
do the House of David, the City of David, and the House of the Lord
combine, giving Jerusalem its unique status as heart and soul of the
people of Israel.