The back plate design
of this Hanukkah menorah reveals Italian antecedents. It was used extensively
in the Ottoman areas of Greece, such as Corfu where the Italian influence
was strong. But the primary use seems to have been in Salonika, which
had by far the most extensive Jewish population, reaching 80,000 before
the Holocaust. Examples are know with dates as early as the 18th century.
The oil holders on this example are tinned on the bottom.