Fran Hogenberg
Hierosolyma, Clarissima toitus Orientis civitas, Iudaa Metropoli . . .Hoc tempore Hierorsolyma turis Cuszomobarech dicitur
(Jerusalem "Pearl of the Orient,” Capital of Judea . . . Now Known as the Jerusalem of Cuzumobarech the Turk)
from Braun and Hogenberg's Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Cologne, 1572

This map adopts the interesting strategy of dividing Jerusalem along an imaginary temporal rift. On the left is a fictional portrayal of the Holy City in the time of Jesus. On the right is the “modern” city of the sixteenth century. In the ancient panorama, the Temple is the focal point in the events of the last days of Jesus’s life as recorded in the Gospels. Contrasting images of Jesus’s triumphant entry into Jerusalem and his poignant exit to Calvary bracket the city walls. In the “modern” city, the population of Jerusalem has clearly increased, as demonstrated by the abundance of houses and other structures. Biblical sites and gates of the city are marked for identification in the adjacent legend, and several mosques can be discerned by their distinctive crescents. In the inset, Moses receives the Tablets of the Law; Aaron, his priestly garments scrupulously annotated, stands to the right.


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