- THE ESKIMO ICE CREAM DRAWING
victims portrayed in this mixed media piece were drawn from Warsaw Ghetto
photos the child at to theleft from a photo
by Nazi soldier Heinz Jost. Jost's caption for the photo stated: "On
the sidewalk in a side street I saw this tiny child who could no longer
pull himself upright. The passers-by didn't stop. There were too many
children like this one."
Lody means ice cream in Polish. Store signs seen in Warsaw Ghetto
photos pre-date the Nazi occupation and the sealing in of the ghetto.
I was struck, living in Seattle with my home
city's close proximity to Alaska and Native American culture
by the incongruity of a store sign in the Warsaw Ghetto for Eskimo brand
The Polish word POSTOJ
is seen in a photo by the late Jewish photographer Roman Vishniac from
his book of photos A Vanished World (Farrar, Straus, Giroux, NY
'86). During the 1930s Vishniac traveled through eastern and central Europe,
including Germany, where he photographed Jewish life in the countryside
and city alike, at great risk. A photographer could easily be considered
a spy, and Vishniac took many photographs with a hidden camera.
A 1937 photo by Vishniac shows the licenses and papers of the artel of
Jewish porters in Warsaw. in the foreground of the photo (plate 28 in
the paperback edition of the book) is seen a bearded man's license, which
is stamped POSTOJ No. 81 (Postoj in Polish means station). His
porter station then was No. 81. Porters hauled goods, some by backbreaking
labor with ropes connected to a cart slung to the back and shoulders;
better-off porters had a horse and cart.
meaning "living room," was the German Nazi term used to justify
their seizing of neighboring lands at the onset of World War II. Germany
needed "living room" for their imperial conquests and an expanded